Viet Nam Sustainable Development Strategy for 2011-2020 (I)

Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung on April 12, 2012 signed Decision No. 432/QD-TTg on approving the Viet Nam Sustainable Development Strategy for the 2011-2020.

The following is the translation of the Strategy for reference.

I. Viewpoints, Objectives and Priorities of Sustainable Development in the 2011-2020 period

1. Viewpoints:

- Human beings are the center of sustainable development. Promote the role of people as the key subject, resources and targets of sustainable development; increasingly meet the material and spiritual demand of people of all strata; build a wealthy and strong country, democratic, equal and civilized society; develop an independent and self-reliant economy with active international integration for sustainable development.

- Sustainable development is the requirement lasting throughout the process of national development; closely, properly and harmoniously combine economic growth with social development, natural resources and environment protection, national security and defense, and social order and safety.

- Sustainable development is the common work of the whole Party, people, authorities at all levels, ministries, agencies, localities, enterprises, social organizations, communities and individuals.

- To create favorable conditions for every individual and community to have equal opportunity to develop talents, access to joint resources, and participate in building of, contribute to and benefit from knowledge, material and cultural backgrounds for the next generations. Sparingly and effectively exploit natural resources, particularly non-renewable resources, preserve and improve living environment; build a learning society, environmentally-friendly lifestyle, sustainable production and consumption.

- Science and technology are the foundation and driving force of sustainable development. Modern, clean and environmentally-friendly technologies need to be widely applied in production fields.

2. Objectives:

a) General objective:

Sustainable and effective growth must come along with social progress and equality, national resources and environment protection, socio-political stability, firm protection of independence-sovereignty-unification and territorial integrity of the country.

b) Specific objectives:

- To ensure macro-economic stability, especially macro indexes; to firmly maintain food security, energy security and financial security. To transform the growth model into harmoniously deep and wide development; to gradually carry out green growth, low-carbon economic development; to economically and effectively use all resources.

- To develop a democratic, disciplined, harmonious, equal and civilized society; a progressive culture deeply imbued with national identity; prosperous, progressive and happy families; to ensure people’s comprehensive development in all physical, spiritual, intellectual aspects, having creativeness capacity, a sense of citizenship, and a sense of law observance. To make education and training, science and technology the major driving force for development. To firmly maintain socio-political stability, firmly protect independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity.

- To mitigate negative impacts of economic activities on the environment. Reasonably exploit and effectively use natural resources, especially non-renewable ones. Prevent, control and repair environmental pollution and degradation, improve the quality of the environment, protect and develop forests and conserve bio-diversity. To reduce harmful effects of natural disasters, actively and effectively respond to climate change, especially sea level rise.

3. Targets for supervision and evaluation of sustainable development in the 2011-2020

a) General targets

- Green GDP.

- Human Development Index (HDI)

- Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI).

b) Economic targets

- Incremental Capital Output Ratio (ICOR).

- Labor productivity

- Contribution ratio of Total Factor Productivity.

- Energy consumption reduction ratio per unit of GDP.

- Ratio of recycled energy in the energy consumption structure.

- Consumer Price Index (CPI).

- Current account.

- Budget overspending.

- Government’s debt.

- Foreign debt.

c) Social targets

- Poverty rate.

- Unemployment rate.

- Rate of trained labor of the economy.

- Gini coefficient.

- Sex ratio at birth.

- Number of students per 10,000 people.

- Number of Internet subscribers per 100 people.

- Ratio of people participating in social insurance, healthy insurance, and unemployment insurance.

- Number of deaths due to traffic accidents per 100,000 people.

- Rate of communes recognized to meet norms of new rural areas.

d) Targets of natural resources and environment.

- Forest coverage.

- Rate of protected land, maintenance of biodiversity.

- Area of degraded land.

- Reduction rate of underground and surface water.

- Rate of days with high concentration of toxic substances in the air exceeding the permitted standard.

- Rate of urban areas, industrial parks, processing zones and industrial clusters having solid waste treatment and waste water meeting environmental standards or relevant technical standards.

- Rate of solid wastes collected, treated up to environmental standards or relevant technical standards.

- (Detail of targets for supervision and evaluation of sustainable development in Viet Nam in the 2011-2020 is on the Index attached with this Decision).


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